皇冠比分

    X射线的发明与应用
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    • XSHEXIAN(YINGYU:X-ray),YOUBEICHENGWEIAIKESISHEXIAN、AIKESISHEXIAN、LUNQINSHEXIANHUOXGUANG,SHIYIZHONGBOZHANGFANWEIZAI0.01NAMIDAO10NAMIZHIJIAN(DUIYINGPINLVFANWEI30 PHzDAO30EHz)DEDIANCIFUSHEXINGSHI。XSHEXIANZUICHUYONGYUYIXUECHENGXIANGZHENDUANHEXSHEXIANJIEJINGXUE。XSHEXIANYESHIYOULIFUSHEDENGZHEIYILEIDUIRENTIYOUWEIHAIDESHEXIAN。

      皇冠比分XSHEXIANBOZHANGFANWEIZAIJIAODUANCHUYUJIAMASHEXIANJIAOZHANGCHUZHONGDIE。

      LISHI

      ZAOQIXSHEXIANZHONGYAODEYANJIUZHEYOUIvan PuluiJIAOSHOU、WEILIAN·KELUKESIJUESHI、YUEHAN·WEILIAN·XITUOFU、OUGEN·GEERDESITAN、HAIYINLIXI·LUDAOFU·HEZI、FEILIPU·LAINADE、HAIMUHUOZI、NIGULA·TESILA、AIDISHENG、CHAERSI·BAKELA、MAKESI·FENG·LAOEHEWEILIAN·LUNQIN。

      u=2802898704,2193622092&fm=173&s=87F0ED3

      YITAISHUILENGXSHEXIANGUANDETUZHI

      皇冠比分1869NIANWULIXUEJIAYUEHAN·WEILIAN·XITUOFUGUANCHADAOZHENKONGGUANZHONGDEYINJIFACHUDESHEXIAN。DANGZHEIXIESHEXIANYUDAOBOLIGUANBIHUICHANSHENGYINGGUANG。1876NIANZHEIZHONGSHEXIANBEIOUGEN·GEERDESITANMINGMINGWEI“YINJISHEXIAN”。SUIHOU,YINGGUOWULIXUEJIAKELUKESIYANJIUXIYOUQITILIDENENGLIANGSHIFANG,BINGQIEZHIZAOLEKELUKESIGUAN。ZHEISHIYIZHONGBOLIZHENKONGGUAN,NEIYOUKEYICHANSHENGGAODIANYADEDIANJI。TAHAIFAXIAN,DANGJIANGWEIPUGUANGDEXIANGPIANDIPIANKAOJINZHEIZHONGGUANSHI,YIXIEBUFENBEIGANGUANGLE,DANSHITAMEIYOUJIXUYANJIUZHEIYIXIANXIANG。1887NIAN4YUE,NIGULA·TESILAKAISHISHIYONGZIJISHEJIDEGAODIANYAZHENKONGGUANYUKELUKESIGUANYANJIUXSHEXIAN。TAFAMINGLEDANDIANJIXSHEXIANGUAN,ZAIQIZHONGDIANZICHUANGUOWUZHI,FASHENGLEXIANZAIJIAOZUORENZHIFUSHEDEXIAOYING,SHENGCHENGGAONENGXSHEXIANSHEXIAN。1892NIANTESILAWANCHENGLEZHEIXIESHIYAN,DANSHITABINGMEIYOUSHIYONGXSHEXIANZHEIGEMINGZI,ERZHISHILONGTONGDICHENGWEIFANGSHENENG。TAJIXUJINXINGSHIYAN,BINGTIXINGKEXUEJIEZHUYIYINJISHEXIANDUISHENGWUTIDEWEIHAIXING,DANTAMEIYOUGONGKAIZIJIDESHIYANCHENGGUO。1892NIANHEZIJINXINGSHIYAN,TICHUYINJISHEXIANKEYICHUANTOUFEICHANGBODEJINSHUBO。HEZIDEXUESHENGLUNNADEJINYIBUYANJIUZHEIYIXIAOYING,DUIHENDUOJINSHUJINXINGLESHIYAN。HAIMUHUOZIZEDUIGUANGDEDIANCIBENXINGJINXINGLESHUXUETUIDAO。

      u=3422422337,2336143811&fm=173&s=BF85CD0

      LUNQINPAISHEDEYIZHANGXSHEXIANZHAOPIAN,LUNQINFURENDESHOUGUYUJIEZHI

      1895NIAN11YUE8RIDEGUOKEXUEJIALUNQINKAISHIJINXINGYINJISHEXIANDEYANJIU。1895NIAN12YUE28RITAWANCHENGLECHUBUDESHIYANBAOGAO“YIZHONGXINDESHEXIAN”。TABAZHEIXIANGCHENGGUOFABUZAIWEIERCIBAODEPhysical-Medical SocietyZAZHISHANG。WEILEBIAOMINGZHEISHIYIZHONGXINDESHEXIAN,LUNQINCAIYONGBIAOSHIWEIZHISHUDEXLAIMINGMING。HENDUOKEXUEJIAZHUZHANGMINGMINGWEILUNQINSHEXIAN,LUNQINZIJIJIANJUEFANDUI,DANSHIZHEIYIMINGCHENGZHIZHIJINRIRENGRANBEIGUANGFANSHIYONG,YOUQIZAIDEYUGUOJIA。1901NIANLUNQINHUODENUOBEIERWULIXUEJIANG。

      皇冠比分1895NIANAIDISHENGYANJIULECAILIAOZAIXSHEXIANZHAOSHEXIAFACHUYINGGUANGDENENGLI,FAXIANWUSUANGAIZUIWEIMINGXIAN。1896NIAN3YUEAIDISHENGFAMINGLEYINGGUANGGUANCHAGUAN,HOULAIBEIYONGYUYIYONGXSHEXIANDEJIANYAN。RANER1903NIANAIDISHENGZHONGZHILEZIJIDUIXSHEXIANDEYANJIU,YINWEITAGONGSIDEYIMINGBOLIGONGRENXIHUANJIANGXSHEXIANGUANFANGZAISHOUSHANGJIANYAN,ZUIHOUDELEAIZHENG,JINGUANJINXINGLEJIEZHISHOUSHURENGRANMEINENGWANHUISHENGMING。BAKELAFAXIANXSHEXIANNENGGOUBEIQITISANSHE,BINGQIEMEIYIZHONGYUANSUYOUQITEZHENGXPUXIAN。TAYINCIHUODELE1917NIANNUOBEIERWULIXUEJIANG。

      皇冠比分ZAI20SHIJI80NIANDAI,XSHEXIANJIGUANGQIBEISHEZHIWEILUONADE·LIGENZONGTONGDEZHANLVEZHUDONGFANGYUJIHUADEYIBUFEN。RANERDUIGAIZHUANGZHI(YIZHONGLEISIJIGUANGPAO,HUOZHESIWANGSHEXIANDEZHUANGZHI,YOUREHEFANYINGTIGONGNENGLIANG)ZUICHUDE、TONGSHIYESHIJINYOUDESHIYANBINGMEIYOUJICHUJIELUNXINGDEJIEGUO。TONGSHI,YOUYUZHENGZHIHEJISHUDEYUANYIN,ZHENGTIDEJIHUA(BAOKUOXSHEXIANJIGUANGQI)BEIGEZHILE(RANERGAIJIHUAHOULAIYOUBEIZHONGXINQIDONG——SHIYONGLEBUTONGDEJISHU,BINGZUOWEIBUSHENZONGTONGGUOJIADAODANFANGYUJIHUADEYIBUFEN)。

      ZAI20SHIJI90NIANDAI,HAFODAXUEJIANLILEChandra XSHEXIANTIANWENTAI,YONGLAIGUANCEYUZHOUZHONGQIANGLIEDETIANWENXIANXIANGZHONGCHANSHENGDEXSHEXIAN。YUCONGKEJIANGUANGGUANCEDAODEXIANGDUIWENDINGDEYUZHOUBUTONG,CONGXSHEXIANGUANCEDAODEYUZHOUSHIBUWENDINGDE。TAXIANGRENMENZHANSHILEHENGXINGRUHEBEIHEIDONGJIAOSUI,XINGXIJIANDEPENGZHUANG,CHAOXINXINGHEZHONGZIXING。

      XSHEXIANDECHANSHENG

      皇冠比分XSHEXIANBOZHANGLVEDAYU0.5 nmDEBEICHENGZUORUANXSHEXIAN。BOZHANGDUANYU0.1 nmDEJIAOZUOYINGXSHEXIAN。YINGXSHEXIANYUBOZHANGZHANGDE(NENGLIANGXIAO)JIAMASHEXIANFANWEIZHONGDIE,ERZHEDEQUBIEZAIYUFUSHEYUAN,ERBUSHIBOZHANG:XSHEXIANGUANGZICHANSHENGYUGAONENGDIANZIJIASU,JIAMASHEXIANZELAIYUANYUYUANZIHESHUAIBIAN。

      CHANSHENGXSHEXIANDEZUIJIANDANFANGFASHIYONGJIASUHOUDEDIANZIZHUANGJIJINSHUBA。ZHUANGJIGUOCHENGZHONG,DIANZITURANJIANSU,QISUNSHIDEDONGNENGHUIYIGUANGZIXINGSHIFANGCHU,XINGCHENGXSHEXIANGUANGPUDELIANXUBUFEN,CHENGZHIWEIZHIDONGFUSHE。TONGGUOJIADAJIASUDIANYA,DIANZIXIEDAIDENENGLIANGZENGDA,ZEYOUKENENGJIANGJINSHUYUANZIDENEICENGDIANZIZHUANGCHU。YUSHINEICENGXINGCHENGKONGXUE,WAICENGDIANZIYUEQIANHUINEICENGTIANBUKONGXUE,TONGSHIFANGCHUBOZHANGZAI0.1NAMIZUOYOUDEGUANGZI。YOUYUWAICENGDIANZIYUEQIANFANGCHUDENENGLIANGSHILIANGZIHUADE,SUOYIFANGCHUDEGUANGZIDEBOZHANGYEJIZHONGZAIMOUXIEBUFEN,XINGCHENGLEXSHEXIANPUZHONGDETEZHENGXIAN,CICHENGWEITEXINGFUSHE。

      皇冠比分CIWAI,GAOQIANGDUDEXSHEXIANYIKEYOUTONGBUJIASUQIHUOZIYOUDIANZIJIGUANGCHANSHENG。TONGBUFUSHEGUANGYUAN,JUYOUGAOQIANGDU、LIANXUBOZHANG、GUANGSHUZHUNZHI、JIXIAODEGUANGSHUJIEMIANJIBINGJUYOUSHIJIANMAIBOXINGYUPIANZHENXING,YINERCHENGWEIKEXUEYANJIUZUIJIAZHIXSHEXIANGUANGYUAN。

      TANCEQI

      XSHEXIANDETANCEKEJIYUDUOZHONGFANGFA。ZUIPUTONGDEYIZHONGFANGFAJIAOZUOZHAOXIANGDIBANFA,ZHEIZHONGFANGFAZAIYIYUANLIJINGCHANGSHIYONG。JIANGYIPIANZHAOXIANGDIPIANFANGZHIYURENTIHOUFANG,XSHEXIANCHUANGUORENTINEIRUANZUZHI(PIFUJIQIGUAN)HOUHUIZHAOSHEDAODIPIAN,LINGZHEIXIEBUWEIYUDIPIANJINGXIANYINGHOUBAOLIUHEISE;XSHEXIANWUFACHUANGUORENTINEIDEYINGZUZHI,RUGUHUOQITABEIZHUSHEHANBEIHUODIANDEWUZHI,DIPIANYUXIANYINGHOUHUIXIANSHICHENGBAISE。GUANGJIYINGXIANGBAN(image plate)YINRONGYISHUZIHUA,ZAISHAOBUFENYIYUANYIQUDAICHUANTONGDIPIAN。LINGYIFANGFASHILIYONGXSHEXIANZHAOSHEZAITEDINGCAIZHISHANGYICHANSHENGYINGGUANG,LIRUDIANHUANA(NaI)。KEXUEYANJIUSHANG,CHULESHIYONGXSHEXIANCCD,YELIYONGXSHEXIANYOULIQITIDETEXING,SHIYONGQITIYOULIQIANGZUOWEIXSHEXIANQIANGDUZHIZHENCE。ZHEIXIEFANGFAZHINENGXIANSHICHUXSHEXIANDEGUANGZIMIDU,DANWUFAXIANSHICHUXSHEXIANDEGUANGZINENGLIANG。XSHEXIANGUANGZIDENENGLIANGTONGCHANGYIJINGTISHIXSHEXIANYANSHEZAIYIBULAGEDINGLVJISUANCHU。

      XSHEXIANYANSHE

      皇冠比分ZAIJINGTIXUEYANJIUSHANG,LAOEFAXIANLEXSHEXIANTONGGUOJINGTIZHIHOUCHANSHENGDEYANSHEXIANXIANG,JIXSHEXIANYANSHE。BULAGEZESHIYONGBULAGEDINGLVDUIYANSHEGUANXIJINXINGLEDINGLIANGDEMIAOSHU。

      YIXUEYONGTU

      u=3087607355,2482393007&fm=173&s=88E2722

      XSHEXIANXIADELIUZHISHOUZHANG

      LUNQINFAXIANXSHEXIANHOUJINJINJIGEYUESHIJIANNEI,TAJIUBEIYINGYONGYUYIXUEYINGXIANG。1896NIAN2YUE,SUGELANYISHENGYUEHAN·MAIJINTAIERZAIGELASIGEHUANGJIAYIYUANSHELILESHIJIESHANGDIYIGEFANGSHEKE。

      u=2541090445,2232824260&fm=173&s=B507D31

      500HAOANXGUANGJI

      FANGSHEYIXUESHIYIXUEDEYIGEZHUANMENLINGYU,TASHIYONGFANGSHEXIANZHAOXIANGSHUHEQITAJISHUCHANSHENGZHENDUANTUXIANG。DEQUE,ZHEIKENENGSHIXSHEXIANJISHUYINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDEDIFANG。XSHEXIANDEYONGTUZHUYAOSHITANCEGUGEDEBINGBIAN,DANDUIYUTANCERUANZUZHIDEBINGBIANYEXIANGDANGYOUYONG。CHANGJIANDELIZIYOUXIONGQIANGXSHEXIAN,YONGLAIZHENDUANFEIBUJIBING,RUFEIYAN、FEIAIHUOFEIQIZHONG;ERFUQIANGXSHEXIANZEYONGLAIJIANCECHANGDAOGENGSAI,ZIYOUQITI(free air,YOUYUNEIZANGCHUANKONG)JIZIYOUYETI(free fluid)。MOUXIEQINGKUANGXIA,SHIYONGXSHEXIANZHENDUANHAICUNZAIZHENGYI,LIRUJIESHI(DUIXSHEXIANJIHUMEIYOUZUDANGXIAOYING)HUOSHENJIESHI(YIBANKEJIAN,DANBINGBUZONGSHIKEJIAN)。

      皇冠比分JIEZHUJISUANJI,RENMENKEYIBABUTONGJIAODUDEXSHEXIANYINGXIANGHECHENGCHENGSANWEITUXIANG,ZAIYIXUESHANGCHANGYONGDEDIANNAODUANCENGSAOMIAO(CTSAOMIAO)JIUSHIJIYUZHEIYIYUANLI。

      XSHEXIANCHUANTOUNENGLIYUQIPINLVYOUGUAN,LIYONGQIRONGYIBEIGAOYUANZIXUSHUCAILIAOXISHOUDETEDIAN,FANGHUSHANGYIBANKEYONG2-3mmZUOYOUDEQIANBANJIAYIPINGBI。

      MEIGUOAIBOTE.C.GAISECENGLIYONGXSHEXIANZHIZAOCHUMEIRONGCHUMAOJIBINGJIANLICUIKEGONGSI,DANYINWEIFUSHESHITALIHUANAIZHENG,ZUIHOUWEIBIMIANAIZHENGKUOSAN,TAQIECHULEYOUSHOU,ERXSHEXIANDEMEIRONGCHUMAOJIYEDAOZHISHUBAIWANMINGFUNVCHUXIANZHOUWEN、SEBAN、GANRAN、KUIYANG,SHENZHIPIFUAIDENGZHENGZHUANG。

      FANGHU

      1)ZAIBUYINGXIANGZHENLIAOXIAOGUODEQIANTIXIA,GONGZUORENYUANHEBINGRENSUOSHOUDEFANGSHELIANGJINKENENGBAOCHIZUIDILIANG,KETONGGUOSUODUANZHAOSHESHIJIAN、ZENGJIAJULIHELIYONGFUSHEPINGBILAISHIXIAN 。

      皇冠比分2)JILIANGXIANZHI:BEIZHAOSHEDEGONGZUORENYUANBIXUJINXINGJILIANGJIANCE。JILIANGYIKEJINGQUEXIANSHIGONGZUORENYUANJIECHUDEFANGSHELIANG,BINGMEIYUEJIANCHAJILIANGYIJILUZHI,TEBIEYINGZHUYIMEIYOUJUEDUIANQUANDEZHAOSHEJILIANG。

      皇冠比分3)MEIGUO、RIBENDENGDADUOSHUFADAGUOJIADOUYITAOTAIXIONGTOUJIANCHA,ZAIWEISHUBUDUODESHIYONGGUOJIAZHONG,YINGGUODESHIYONGPINLVJINWEI0.2%,ERWOGUOZEGAODA61.8%!SHIFADAGUOJIA300DUOBEI。ZAILINCHUANGZHONGNENGBUSHIYONGDIANLIFUSHEJIUJINLIANGBUSHIYONG。JINKENENGYUNYONGQITAWUHAISHOUDUANJINXINGZHENDUAN。

      4)WOGUOWEISHENGBU2002NIAN1YUE 3RIFABUDE《GUOJIAFANGSHEGONGZUOWEISHENGFANGHUGUANLIBANFA》MINGQUEGUIDING: :“ (YONGFANGSHESHEXIAN) JINXINGZHENDUAN、ZHILIAOSHI,YINGDANGANZHAOCAOZUOGUICHENG,YANGEKONGZHISHOUZHAOJILIANG,DUILINJINZHAOYEDEMINGANQIGUANHEZUZHIYINGDANGJINXINGPINGBIFANGHU。DUIYUNFUHEERTONGJINXINGYILIAOZHAOSHESHI,YINGDANGGAOZHIDUIJIANKANGDEYINGXIANG。DANSHIXIANZAIGEDAYIYUANDUIYUCIXIANGGUIDINGJUNSHIERBUJIAN,CHIHUSHITAIDU!DUIHUANZHEDEJIANKANGBUFUZEREN。DUIYUSHUZHONGXUJINXINGCXINGBEIJIANCHAYIJICHUANGPANGZHAOSHEDESHOUSHU,GONGZUORENYUANYINGCHUANQIANYI、DAIQIANPISHOUTAO、PEIDAIHUMUJINGHEHANQIANWEIBO。

      5)JINLIANGSUODUANXXIANDEPUGUANGSHIJIAN。JIECHUGUANGSHUSHIJIANYUEZHANG,JIESHOUFANGSHEDEJILIANGJIUYUEDA。YAOQIUXXIANGONGZUORENYUANJISHUSHULIAN,BIMIANZHONGFUXINGZHAOSHE,JINLIANGJIANSHAOJIECHUSHIJIAN。

      皇冠比分6)ZAIFANGSHEYUANHEGONGZUORENYUANZHIJIANFANGZHIYIZHONGNENGYOUXIAOXISHOUSHEXIANDEPINGBICAILIAO,CONGERJIANRUOHUOXIAOCHUSHEXIANDUIRENTIDEWEIHAI。PINGBIFANGHUYOUYIDINGDEFANGHUZUOYONG,DANDUIGAONENGLIANGSHEXIANLAISHUOFANGHUPINGBIZUOYONGJIAOSHAO,RUQIANWEIQUNZHINENGZAIFANGSHEZHENDUANSHISHIYONG,DUIGAONENGLIANGFANGHUZUOYONGJIAORUO。

      皇冠比分SUIZHERENMENXXIANSHENGWUXUEXIAOYINGDERENSHIBUDUANTIGAO,ZAIXINXINGXXIANSHEBEIZHONGDALIANGSHIYONGLEXINCAILIAO、XINJISHU、XINGONGYI,SHIZHEIXIESHEBEIDESHEXIANFANGHUGONGNENGRIYIWANSHAN。DANGJINLINCHUANGFANGSHEXUEZHISUOYINENGGOUDEYIXUNSUFAZHAN,ZUYISHUOMINGQIGONGDAYUGUO。ZHIYAOWOMENHELILIYONG,XXIANYONGYUANSHIRENLEIJIANKANGDEPENGYOU。XIWANGZAIBUYUANDEWEILAI,YIYUANYUHUANZHESHUANGFANGDOUNENGGOUZUNZHAOGUOJIAGUIDING,DUIXGUANGJINSHENLIYONG,ANQUANFANGHU。BUNENGWEIYIWURENYUANHEHUANZHEMAIXIAWEILAIJIBINGDEYINXINGZHADAN。


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